IP Address

  • An identifier for the user's computer assigned by the Internet service provider; 
  • the IP address alone is not considered personal data because it is often assigned at random, i.e. it changes every time according to the connection;
  • it may be used for diagnostic and optimising purposes by the service provider.


  • strings of information, sent by the service provider server to the user's computer. They contain the user name, so that the administrator may identify the user's computer and track his/her favourite sites on the Web.
    Cookies may be:
  • - transient, also called session or "per-session" cookies , if they are erased when the user ends the connection. They are used to optimise navigation;
  • - persistent, if they are stored on a user's hard drive, unless the user himself/herself deletes the cookies; they are used to collect a large variety of information, which can be tracked by the supplier of the service for different purposes.
  • It is possible to check the use of cookies through specific browser set-ups: e.g. Internet Explorer permits, both for non-stored (per-session) cookies and stored cookies, to opt for full activation, activation after receiving a warning message and confirmation or deactivation.

Internet Tags

Computer functions made up by smaller cookie strings, mainly used to record technical information such as user IP and browser type. They are also called invisible GIFs, clear GIFs, 1-by-1 GIFs or single-pixel GIFs.

Surfing data

  • Files residing on the provider servers, also called log files, clickstream data, server logs; they may automatically register data relating to a connection for different purposes:
  • - accounting-administrative functions
  • - tracking of type of user access (e.g.: system administration, type of browser, date and time of visit, images or texts selected, purchases (if any), file download, screen set-up, etc.) also to improve the contents of the site.


Electronic mail service managed by a provider through the Internet.

Mailing list

  • A list used for sending e-mails and/or newsletters.
  • A list of addresses which automatically receives forwarded messages.


  • The user is required to provide some data, either on an obligatory or a voluntary basis, to improve the relation, with possible contractual implications inherent to the type of services provided.
  • Specific information and, if appropriate, the relevant consent are required.

To help you understanding our privacy notice, please find below the meaning of the main terms contained therein:

means any operation or set of operations which is performed on personal data or on sets of personal data, such as collection, recording, organisation, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction, whether or not by automated means.

Personal data mean any information relating, directly or indirectly, to a person (such as, for example, name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier, one or more elements able to identify the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity, etc.).

Special categories of data mean the personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership as well as genetic data, biometric data where they uniquely identify a person, data concerning health or data concerning a person’s sex life or sexual orientation.

Genetic data mean the personal data relating to the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics of a person which give unique information about the physiology or the health of said person and which result, in particular, from the analysis of a biological sample from the person in question.

Biometric data mean the personal data resulting from specific technical processing relating to the physical, physiological or behavioural characteristics of a person, which allow or confirm the unique identification of that person, such as facial images or dactyloscopic data.

Data concerning health mean the personal data related to the physical or mental health of a person, including the provision of health care services, which reveal information about his or her health status.

Judicial data mean the personal data related to criminal convictions and offences or to the connected security measures afflicted to a person.

Data subject means the person whose personal data are processed.

Data controller means the individual or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data (for example, the employer is the data controller in respect of its employees’ personal data since, with reference to the employment relationship, it decides the purposes and means of such processing).

Joint controller means the individual or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, jointly with other data controllers, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data.

Data Processor means the individual or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which processes personal data on behalf of the data controller (for example, the company which provides the service of employees’ salaries calculation may be considered a data processor since it processes personal data on behalf of another company, the employer).

Consent means any data subject’s wish, by a statement or by a clear affirmative action, which signifies agreement to the processing of personal data relating to him or her. For the consent to be valid, the data subject’s wish needs to be freely given, specific for each processing operation, collected upon the provision of a privacy notice and clearly distinguishable from any other declarations.

Personal data breach means a breach of security (physical or IT) leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data transmitted, stored or otherwise processed.

Data Protection Officer means a person in charge for performing support activities for the company functions and control activities in respect of the processing of personal data. It is also in charge for cooperating with the Supervisory Authority and it represents the contact point, also for the data subjects, for any matters connected with the processing of personal data.

Garante per la Protezione dei Dati Personali is the Italian Supervisory Authority for the protection of personal data.