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Parametric Landscapes

Changing Urbanism in the Age of Smart Data

© Zaha Hadid Architects - Site Plans

The City of Istanbul and the Kartal  Association for urban regeneration launched a design competition in 2006 to generate a master plan for two of the city’s eastern districts: Kartal and Pendik. Located 25 km south east of the capital, these cover an area of ​​555 hectares overlooking the ​​Sea of Marmara. The project poses several challenges: on the one hand to reconnect the parts of the region and to reconnect the city with the existing infrastructure,  and on the other to create a new hub for financial, residential, commercial activities and high-end tourism.

As a strategic objective, the Administration has provided for the recovery of some abandoned areas, in particular an old quarry and a former industrial facility. 

© Zaha Hadid Architects - Flows

The area as a whole is densely impacted by mobility infrastructure: a highway connecting Istanbul to Europe and Asia, the coastal road, the harbor and ferry terminal, and several railway lines connecting the peripheral districts and the metropolitan area.

In 2007 the proposal by Zaha Hadid and Patrik Schumacher was accepted, calling for the integration of the project area with the urban multimodal plan of Istanbul, thus enhancing the existing infrastructure along the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn and reconnecting it to the city center.

© Zaha Hadid Architects - Masterplan

The project comprises several groups of tower-buildings which rise from the ground, like castles, while other parts are opened to form valleys serving as parks and open space, including water basins,  small ports, shops and floating restaurants.

The project has been reproduced in an animated 3D video which is continuously updated through the smart data. Thus different building types can be generated in response to the differing needs of each new quarter, creating a network of interconnected spaces throughout the city, giving rise to a dynamic architecture. The result is a system able to organize itself and to adapt to changes in its context.

Captions and picture credits

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Picture credits:  © Zaha Hadid Architects


Captions
01 - Design Stage Initial Disposition of Skylines and Urban Parcels - Kartal Pendik Masterplan
02 - Design Stage Initial Disposition of Skylines and Urban Parcels - Kartal Pendik Masterplan Quarry
03 - Design Stage Initial Disposition of Skylines and Urban Parcels - Kartal Pendik Masterplan Seaview
04 -  Site Plan
05 -  Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Kartal Pendik Masterplan Calligraphy Studies
06 – Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Kartal Pendik Masterplan Calligraphy Study 3D
07 – Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Kartal Pendik Masterplan Calligraphy Study 3D
08 – Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Kartal Pendik Masterplan Calligraphy Study
09 – Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Kartal Pendik Masterplan Formal Study 1
10 – Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Kartal Pendik Masterplan Formal Study 4
11 - Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Formal Study Evolution
12 - Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Quarry plan zoomed
13 – Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Kartal Pendik Masterplan Quarry plan
14 - Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Urban Grid Study
15- Competition Stage Urban Net and Architectural Calligraphy. Facade study


Credits of the project

Project: Kartal Masterplan
Location: Istanbul, Turkey
Date: 2006
Client: Greater Istanbul  Municipality and Kartal Urban Regeneration Association
Size: 555 Hectares
Architects: Zaha Hadid Architects
Design: Zaha Hadid, Patrik Schumacher

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